Hydrogeology deals with the exploration, extraction and securing of water resources. The protection of groundwater as well as remediation is researched and applied by hydrogeology.
In detail these are:
- Groundwater management: Investigation of water resources and their evaluation, if necessary, version for further use.
- Resource protection: Designation of protected areas for the abstraction of drinking water and their definition by means of tracers, as well as the monitoring of the protected areas.
- Groundwater investigations: Pumping tests and hydraulic measurements and modelling to determine the groundwater and its use, such as the use of heat from the groundwater for heating purposes.
Engineering geology deals with the investigation and evaluation of geological conditions in construction projects and natural hazards. Engineering geology is thus the link between the geosciences and the engineering sciences.
Among other things, this is:
Georisk management: Investigation and analysis of natural hazards, e.g. rockfall, and measures against these hazards.
Environmental geology: protection and remediation of contaminated sites and avoidance of contaminated sites through appropriate geological site selection
Energy and raw materials: Use of geothermal energy and the development of crude oil / natural gas
Material analysis: Determination of contents of certain minerals, e.g. clay minerals, and soil-mechanical parameters
Material development: Development and application of sorption materials and backfill materials for probes etc.
Geotechnics: Dam construction and tunnel construction are only two examples for the application of engineering geology
Mineralogists and geochemists have a special understanding of the physical and chemical properties of crystals, minerals, rocks and materials. They have a high level of competence in mineralogical-geochemical analysis methods for the description of processes in the Earth system and in relation to the human environment and can apply these to various questions. The possible fields of activity are correspondingly diverse:
- Evaluation, preparation and processing of mineral raw materials
- Development of new materials with "high-tech" material properties and functionalities, e.g. by means of nanotechnologies and for building renovation.
- Investigation of the formation and transformation processes of minerals and rocks up to their economic utilization
- Technical Petrology
- Development of processes for the targeted control of electricity flows in our environment and prediction of their environmental behaviour in the event of anthropogenic interventions
- Universities and research institutions (mostly with a focus on analytics)
- International Organizations
- cement industry
- Chemical industry
- Engineering and environmental offices
- Solid state analytics
- Ceramic industry
- Semiconductor crystals, ceramic superconductors, crystals for piezoelectric, high-frequency, optoelectronic, etc. uses
- Building materials and binder industry
- Glass and glass ceramic industry
- earthenware, porcelain, oxide ceramics, sintered materials, bioceramics, ceramic paints
- Optical Industry
- Contaminated sites, environmental consulting
- Waste materials and recycling products from waste incineration plants, power plants and similar,
- Analytical service companies
- Archaeometry and monument preservation
Our national and international graduates work in consultancy, industry and public agencies. Your broad geologial, good analytical and numerical skills enables you to take a career in exploration and production, environmental protection, engineering and tunneling and research. Some geologist's job are summarized here. Your skills include, among others:
- Use of geothermal energy as a sustainable energy resource
- Evaluation or utilization of mineral or energy resources
- temporary storage of regenerative energy
- protection of groundwater, soil and embankment stability
- new resources such as lithium from subsurface waters
- permanent and safe storage of pollutants in deep underground areas
- gas as raw materials for high-tech plastics, lubricants and particularly dense energy sources
- geochemical analysis of rock qualities
- renaturation of quarries, heaps and boreholes
- solid understanding of the utilized subsurface and rocks